ISSN: 1814-9669

Volume 9, Issue 36

Volume 9, Issue 36, Autumn 2014, Page 1-178

The use of dynamic programming in economic decisions replacement of fixed assets in the General Company for Petrochemical Industries / Basra

Assist.Prof.Dr. Fawziya G. Omar; Assist. Lec. Asmaa A. Yaqoob

Economic Sciences, Volume 9, Issue 36, Pages 1-17

The fixed assets and in particular the productive assets account for a large part of the general assets of the state Company for Petrochemical Industries , which is complex services and economic benefits obtained by the company for next several years. Those assets are exposed to obsolescence , depreciation , In spite of the realization of preventive maintenance and treatment . Which is reflected in the decrease in its market value in obtaining a suitable alternative. So research aims to use multi - stage dynamic programming optimization in light of the principle of optimal policy and successive reverse using the formula to reach optimum yield and improve the quality and efficiency of economic decision , to configure the necessary resolution conviction substitution . Accordingly , it would be useful to apply optimization analysis methods in finding effective solutions are gaining increasing importance in the process of replacing the management of fixed assets in that company.

Knowledge management strategies and the optimal strategy of knowledge management in Iraqi university libraries A case study of Karbala university libraries

Assist.Prof.Dr. Faisal A. Altaee; Dr. Omaima H. Al-Adeli

Economic Sciences, Volume 9, Issue 36, Pages 18-62

Research seeks to introduce the concept of knowledge management strategies, with the definition the most prominent examples of such strategies, as well as identifying important application in libraries university, through the statement of its role in the development of institutions, and then develop proposals to help in the deployment and use of this kind of knowledge for the development of university libraries Iraqi, and most of the recommendations that emerged from the study:
1 - need to inform university departments of the importance of the application of knowledge management strategies and their role in the development of work in educational institutions, including the University Libraries, and the need to develop regulatory frameworks binding and specific to the application and one or more of these strategies in university libraries and follow-up project implementation of this strategy through the reports weekly or monthly issued by the library.
2 - the need to choose library management strategy commensurate with its capabilities and resources, and consistent with the policy of the university and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, and to be such a policy viable and planned accurately full joints of the goals and possibilities of the application, taking into account the periodic assessments of the stages of the application .

The role of decentralization and good governance in Iraqi economy for the period (2003-2012)

Assist.Prof.Dr. Ahmed Jasim; Nsayef J. Ali

Economic Sciences, Volume 9, Issue 36, Pages 63-91

This research aims to determine the political changes that have occurred in Iraq after 2003, and the resulting developments related to the Iraqi economy as decentralization and good governance on the grounds they were the results of political change, and they have a role in the economic side .
Research has discussed some of the concepts such as political changes , decentralization and good governance within the conceptual framework, also touched on the indicators of good governance and their relationship with the development ,and address the analysis and the reality of decentralization in Iraq, and the experiment of provincial councils as a results of the process of political change.
The indicators of good governance in Iraq and has been analyzed and the statement of its importance in the development also clarified and some of the proposals have been codified in the back of the search in light of the findings of a researcher's conclusions .

Analysis of causality relationship between public expenditure and inflation in Libyan economy (1990-2000)

Dr. Salam A. Alshami

Economic Sciences, Volume 9, Issue 36, Pages 92-121

Despite the differences between economic regimes, there is a wide acceptance about the effectual role of inflation in the economic path, and that effect has more importance in the development countries including Libya.
The research adopted a Road map explaining the relationship between public expenditure and inflation in Libyan economy during (1990-2009).
For the settlement of this Road map, the researcher tried many descriptive and quantitative approaches to clarify this relationship.
The final finding which has been reflected via the causality measurement: The main effect arouse from the public government toward inflation pressures in Libya (1990-2009).

The nature of mixed economic system and it's trends China is a model

Lec. Jwad K. Hameed

Economic Sciences, Volume 9, Issue 36, Pages 122-154

The focus of the research revolves around the essential point that flexibility in the economic system adopted as frame work for the regulatory process of economic activities.
As to the efficiency of the performance that takes place in its context administration of economic activity are crucial in raising the efficiency of the performance and moral, this is what has been seen in china's experience in this field, as it was able to achieve balance between agriculture and industry and the development of heavy industry without neglecting light in industry.
Also china pursued a balance between the ownership of private and public capital, with optimal blending between socialism and market economy.
And this is the equation of mixed economic system.

An empirical study for Philips curve in Iraq

Assist. Lecturer . Nadia Ali Ayed

Economic Sciences, Volume 9, Issue 36, Pages 155-178

The research focus on the study of William Philips curve , applying it on Iraqi economy , and estimating the Philips curve equation using the data on the two rates in Iraq for the period (1991-2002) , therefore they could follow certain policies to reduce unemployment and make the inflation rate within the limits desired . The Iraqi economy for the period (2003-2011) flops in the phenomena of stagflation ( the relationship between unemployment and inflation is a direct correlation ) , where the Iraqi economy suffering from structural imbalances in the structure of the commodity sectors and declining role in the formation of GDP and in the operation of the components of the available work force , while oil sector alone contributing about 70% in the composition of GDP we find it does not contribute to the operation of the components of the labor force by only 2% of them , which means that 98% of the available work force , are absorbed by sectors , the percent area of 30% in the composition of the output indicates that Iraq's economy is fragile economy and the inflation case based on the superiority of aggregate demand over the forces of decline overall.