ISSN: 1814-9669

Volume 5, Issue 18

Volume 5, Issue 18, Spring 2008, Page 1-198


the policies of funding governmental Deficit in iraq

Hussein Jawad Kazem

Economic Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 18, Pages 25-46

Abstract
Most Governments tend heavily to borrow in order to fund its operations. The economic impacts, which rise from such case, differ according to the source of the debt. The dangers of such case appear, when the rate of debt has been left to increase in relative to the output by time.
Therefore, such problem appeared in Iraq Through the 1990's. That is because dependence up on the debts by the monetary Authorities as an only fund for the Governmental operations laid to increase of money supply in a rate exceeded the real product efficiency of the economy. This, of course leaves a surplus in demand which lead to increase the inflation ratios, version in exchange rates of currency and economics balance as a whole.

Analytic study of Roots of success of Developing practice in south Korey (1965-2005)

Adnan Farhan Abdul-Hussein

Economic Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 18, Pages 47-66

Abstract
With the end of the Second World War in 1945, Korea was divided
to two separate parts South Korea and North Korea. Then the Korean War broke out in 1950 and finish in 1953, after the war South Korea which was Un development country in that time starts rebuilding it's economy depending on invest the Human Resource in suitable way also invest the national and international circumstances, and there was a big role for the State in Korean Economy and this role help in moving this Economy to be one of the best Economies in the World, after it could cross the Asian Financial Crises in 1997.

the Role of the foriegn investment in incorporation GCC economy with intennational economy.

Yahya Hammoud Hassan

Economic Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 18, Pages 67-102

Abstract
Due to the increasing importance of direct Due investment in international economy as a main factor to obtain developed technology, financing and expanding markets ,Arab Gulf States endeavor to get advantage of capital movement globally.
The importance of the study is due to its attempt to clarify the foreign investments role in achieving economic goals as well as gaining profits out of Gulf investments abroad.
The study hypothesizes that Gulf investments have participated in merging gulf economy into internationals on one part but foreign investment is still inefficient in Gulf States.
The study aims at estimating the external gulf investment amount, the amount of foreign investment in Gulf States, and the rate it represents in international investments, understanding obstacles and reasons of not making use of Arab and international investments, and identifying the degree of connection that Gulf States have with international investments.
The study falls into four parts:
First: variability of international investments. Second: Gulf investment abroad.
Third:
A- Direct foreign investment in GCCS.
B- Factors of attracting foreign investment to Arab Gulf States. C- Direct and flow of foreign investment into Gulf States.
0- Arab Gulf States.
Fourth: Investment and merging gulf economy into internationals.
The study with conclusion and recommendations.

Evaluation of privatization in GCC

Haitham Abdullah Salman

Economic Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 18, Pages 103-136

Abstract
Many of development countries started to given anew role to the public sector and over the efficiency of market economic and procedure main changes in the economic role of the government. This is to facing the challenges which is making from "change & adapt" feature the most important.
We can consider the feature of "change & adapt" for GCC countries were the important economies facing. The GCC countries followed the voluntarily privatization which is done the adaptability with globalization. So the research including five passages, international economic system periods, the new role to government and privatization mechanism, the characteristic the GCC countries economies, then justified the privatization mechanism follows in GCC countries, and evaluations privatization in GCC countries, finely the conclusion and recommendation.

establishment strategies to develop the abilities in Higher teaching. Astudy in univ. of Basrah

Muslim Allawi Shibley Al Saad

Economic Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 18, Pages 137-158

Abstract
The service that introduced by university to the community represents the main input for the whole humanitarian actions (economical or political, industrial or services, materialistic or spiritual) .
The university must follow the development in its environment with two dimensions (global, regional) therefore it must doing a radically previewing its objectives, processes and actions in order to be capable of contributing in developing the country.
This paper aims at diagnosing and developing the distinctive competence of Basrah University that allow it to compete with other universities inside and outside Iraq.
This paper uses a checklist with five main variables interpreted by eighty one branch items.
The (case study) methodology related to (system approach) is followed.
The main hypothesis is (determining the capabilities of the university and rebuilding it around the distinctive competence may contribute to improve its performance level).
From the main results is that unstable conditions of university have limited the advantage that can be obtained from its capabilities, the history of university makes sure that it has competencies but still they disappear because of the negative conditions.

The alternate Effect of Accounting's evolution for control & performance Evaluation purposes

Yasin; Abdul Khaliq al-Badran

Economic Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 18, Pages 175-198

Abstract
This Research aimed to show the alternate Effect of Accounting's evolution for control & performance Evaluation purposes, by supposing that variables of business environment that is organization have the basic role to create the alternate Effect alternate Effect of Accounting's evolution for control & performance Evaluation purposes by what variables impose of controlling requirements.
The Accounting's evolution stages were browse, according to
research hypothesis, to four stages» I. Stewardship Accounting stage
2. Financial Accounting stage
3. Cost Accounting Stage
4. Managerial Accounting Stage
The research hypothesis was affirm and appear that, studying of historical evolution and changes in the accounting and control systems in the organizations is importance one, which is recognize the roles that this systems playing in the acclimatization & adaptation the organization with surrounding environmental variables.